The research and writing of this thesis was supported by a University Postgraduate Scholarship from the University of Sydney. Research undertaken for one year in 1988-1989 was supported by a generous grant from the Japan Foundation (a funding agency of the Japanese Government). Grateful acknowledgement is made to Allan Marett, my supervisor, and to members of the Syakuhati Kenkyû Kai (Shakuhachi Research Group) in Japan, including Tukitani Tuneko, Yamaguti Osamu, Simura Satosi, and Seyama Tôru. Acknowledgement is also made to my present shakuhachi teacher, Yokoyama Katsuya, to my former teacher, the late Sakai Chikuho II, and to the many members of the entire shakuhachi tradition with whom I have had the pleasure of meeting. Finally, particular appreciation is due to my family for their support and patience.

This UMI edition is a corrected version of the original manuscript successfully submitted to the University of Sydney in 1993. No substantial changes have been made. Many of the typographical, spelling and grammatical errors have been removed. Likewise, numerous unclear passages have been rewritten. The majority of these corrections were suggestions made by Tom Deaver (Nagano, Japan), Prof. Yamaguti (University of Osaka) and Prof. Trimillos (University of Hawai’i). In particular, Tom Deaver, with his nearly three decades of experience in the shakuhachi tradition in Japan, greatly contributed to this more readable edition of the thesis. Because of the more concise writing style of some of the corrections made to the written body of the thesis, there are no pages 427 and 428. Page 426 is the last page of what was originally volume one. What was volume two still begins on page 429. Finally, the colours applied by hand in the transcriptions of the original thesis are omitted.